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Reports and Publications

Other Publications

Impacts of COVID-19 on Ethical Animal Care and Use Programs

The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted animals used in research, teaching, and testing across Canada at varying levels. The Canadian Council on Animal Care (CCAC) has created a report, Impacts of COVID-19 on Ethical Animal Care and Use Programs, which provides a national overview of the effects on animals used in CCAC-certified institutions between January 1, 2020 and June 30, 2021.

During this period, the CCAC required all certified institutions to complete a COVID-19 Animal Numbers Tracking Form, regardless of whether their animal numbers were impacted by COVID-19 or not. This information has provided a more complete picture of the consequences of the pandemic on ethical animal care and use programs, has helped ensure accountability to the Canadian public, and will inform the development of future policies and improve preparedness.

The CCAC would like to thank certified institutions for their dedication to ethical animal care throughout the pandemic, and for ensuring that proper crisis management protocols were in place and followed.

Please note that some discrepancies in the data presented in the report were corrected on July 14, 2022; however, these changes did not have a significant impact on the final results.

Animal Use Data

The CCAC Animal Use Data Report provides insights into animal-based science in CCAC-certifications. The reports can be viewed under our Animals Used in Science tab.

CCAC Facts & Figures

The CCAC receives a number of questions in regard to issues facing animals in Canadian science. The CCAC Facts & Figures provides basic information on the CCAC, the numbers of animals in Canadian science, as well as animal ethics and care in research, testing, and teaching in Canada.

It is updated as we receive new information, in order to keep the Canadian public informed about current trends and facts on animal ethics and care in science.

Reproducibility - is it a fourth R?

The CCAC’s views on reproducibility, considerations of translatability of animal-based science, maximizing data obtained from animal experiments, and reducing animal use.